Safety Tips & Fall Prevention Tips
Falls are common to people with Parkinson’s disease. Use some of these safety tips to help prevent or avoid falls and other injuries.
Standing from a sitting position:
- Use the “nose over toes” approach when getting up from a sitting position;
- Move to the front edge of the seat
- Lean forward placing your nose over your toes
- Making a fist, push against the chair seat to slowly move up into a standing position
- Wait a few seconds before starting to walk
- Avoid reaching for a walker or cane as the major assistance to help you stand. Walkers may scoot away causing falls.
- Keep one hand free when walking in order to grab railings to balance when needed
- Swing both arms when walking to increase balance and stability
- To improve stability, distribute your weight evenly when walking or standing by keeping legs slightly apart
- Wear proper footwear. Low heeled shoes are best
- Use walking aids such as walking poles or walkers if necessary
Other movement tips:
- Cues such as visual lines (laser lights) may help to overcome freezing when walking.
- Turn slowly, taking a slightly curved path.
- Walking aids should be placed nearby and within easy reach of the patient.
Eliminate Tripping Hazards in the Home
- Floors should be smooth non-slip surfaces.
- Keep walking areas free of small objects, extension cords, and other wires.
- Remove small throw rugs, one of the major tripping hazards in homes.
- Install ample lighting including night lights in bathrooms and hallways.
- Light switches should be within easy reach from the bed.
- Install handrails on both sides of stairways and in the bathroom. Towel bars ARE NOT a substitute for strong, secure handrails.
- Space furniture to allow for enough room to be able to move around easily.
General Safety tips:
- Program mobile phones and land lines with emergency phone numbers and other numbers you can call for help
- Post numbers near the phone.
- Use non-skid bath mats and a bath chair or stool in the shower.
For a free in-home assessment call 303-861-1810.